By Tom Still

MADISON – As the Wisconsin Legislature rolls toward a spring
wrap-up of its work, economic development items on its agenda range from
protecting intellectual property from “patent trolls” to setting the stage for
more classified research to rethinking the state’s sore-thumb tax on capital
raised by many young companies.

It’s all part of a trend, not only in Wisconsin but
nationwide, where most state governments are paying attention to what makes the
tech-based economy tick.

Some leading initiatives to support the creation and
expansion of high-growth businesses and jobs were highlighted in a 2013 summary
by the State Science and Technology Institute, which supports and tracks how
state and regional economies grow through science, technology and innovation.

Wisconsin was singled out for several initiatives. In its
report, “Trends in Tech-Based Economic Development,” SSTI cited the
Legislature’s overwhelmingly support for a “fund-of-funds” that will begin with
a $25 million state investment and attract matching private dollars over time.
The money will be invested in state startups.

That same report by SSTI cited Wisconsin’s decision to amend
state securities laws to permit equity crowdfunding. It also highlighted the Wisconsin Economic
Development Corp.’s $300,000 investment in the BrightStar Wisconsin Foundation,
which is beginning to invest in Wisconsin companies.

The SSTI also praised the UW-Madison’s investment in its
“Discovery to Product” initiative to help move good ideas from the laboratory
to the marketplace. That’s an idea funded, in part, by the Legislature’s UW
System Incentive Grants. Only this month, the UW System and WEDC announced
creation of a $2 million fund to help transfer technology from other system

Finally, SSTI cited three workforce development bills passed
by the Legislature to better connect talent with jobs.

There’s room to improve, however, as the STTI report
illustrated. Here are examples of how other states invested in their R&D

  • Connecticut passed a 10-year, $2 billion Next
    Generation Connecticut Plan to expand funding for science and technology
    education on the campuses of the University of Connecticut and a $200 million
    fund to spur biosciences R&D.
  • Pennsylvania’s General Assembly approved a plan
    to auction $100 million in tax credits to generate state revenue that will be
    invested in the funding of tech-related startups.
  • Lawmakers in Indiana dedicated $25 million to
    establish a biosciences institute with the expectation of building an endowment
    up to $400 million over the next five to seven years drawn from corporate and
    philanthropic sources.
  • Colorado created an advanced industries
    acceleration program to provide grants ranging from $150,000 to $500,000 for
    proof-of-concept, early stage capital, retention and infrastructure. In a
    recent report by the Wing Marion Kauffman Foundation, five Colorado cites made
    the list of the nation’s top 25 startup hubs.
  • Rhode Island joined a growing list of states
    with a state matching fund for companies that win merit-based federal grants
    through the Small Business Innovation Research program. The 32-year-old SBIR
    program has been a launching pad for a number of companies that rely on
    technologies often developed by academic researchers. In Wisconsin, for example,
    42 companies won 75 highly competitive federal awards worth nearly $37 million
    in the most recent year.
  • Hoping to attract private funding for early
    stage companies focused on cybersecurity technology, lawmakers in Maryland
    established a $3-million Cybersecurity Investment Tax Credit Reserve Fund.
  • Much like the Wisconsin “fund-of-funds,” New
    York set aside $50-million for a venture capital fund to provide seed and early
    stage funding.

Too often, politicians are focused on protecting or
bolstering parts of the economy that may be in decline. The smarter game in the
United States today is to invest in tomorrow’s economy, which usually includes
emerging companies that have the potential for high growth and job creation.

As hockey great Wayne Gretzky once said in describing his
success, “I skate to where the puck is going to be, not where it has been.” As
their own season moves toward a closing horn, Wisconsin lawmakers should
tighten their skates and keep Gretzky’s scoring mantra in mind.